All Pets Veterinary Clinic
Macomb, Illinois


COMMON VETERINARY MEDICATIONS

The following list contains some of the medications that we most frequently prescribe
in our veterinary clinic. This is not a complete list--we often use other medications
as well. It is provided as a REFERENCE and not as a means of diagnosis or treatment.

All medications and supplements have the potential to cause side effects. MOST side
effects are mild and short-lived. Some can be more severe. When prescribing medications
we will always take the relative benefit(s) versus risk(s) of the medication into
consideration before making a final decision. If you have a more specific questions, do
not hesitate to contact us or use the links for additional sources.

BE SURE TO VISIT THE REST OF OUR WEBSITE FOR MORE PET HEALTH INFORMATION!

WE ARE STILL ADDING TO THIS LIST!

Acepromazine
An injectable or oral tranquilizer that can be used to calm/relax animals or as a premedication for
surgery. Major side effects include decreased blood pressure, decreased heart rate, decreased
respiration, and seizures. Thus, this medication should be used with extreme caution.

Advantage
A topical antiparasite medication. When applied monthly, it will kill fleas and flea eggs. Side effects
are minimal and can include mild skin irriation and drooling if the medication is licked. Visit the
Bayer website for more information.

Advantix
See K9 Advantix.

Albon
Sulfadimethoxine/Ormetoprim An oral antiparasitic/antibiotic that is most commonly used to
kill coccidia. Side effects are rare but can include vomiting, diarrhea, and dry eye.

Aminopentamide
See Centrine.

Aminophylline
A respiratory smooth muscle relaxor commonly used in respiratory conditions. Side effects are
infrequent and can include vomiting, diarrhea, and central nervous system stimulation. GI disturbance
will usually reside within the first few days of usage. Similar to theophylline.

Amitriptyline
An oral antidepressant with potent antihistamine properties that is most commonly used for separation
anxiety, general anxiety, spraying, or itching. The most common side effect is sedation/grogginess.
Less commonly, hyperexcitability, vomiting, diarrhea, and bone marrow suppression can occur.

Amoxicillin
An oral or injectable antibiotic used in a variety of bacterial infections. Side effects are infrequent
can include vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, or allergic reaction.

Ampicillin
An oral or injectable antibiotic used in a variety of bacterial infections. Side effects are infrequent
and can include vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, or allergic reaction.

Animax Ointment
A topical ointment containing Nystatin, Neomycin, Thiostreptin and Triamcinolone. This
medication is commonly used for ear and skin infections caused by susceptible bacteria and yeast. Since it
contains a steroid, it will relieve minor reddness and irritation as well. Side effects are typically
mild and can include skin irritation. Similar to Panalog.

Anipryl
An oral medication used in the treatment of cognitive dysfunction syndrome and pituitary dependent
hyperadrenocorticism. The active ingredient is selegiline . During clinical testing effects
occurred in 4% of dogs and included agitation, restlessness, vomiting, disorientation, diarrhea, lack
of appetite, increased thirst, and increased urination. For more information, visit the Pfizer website.

Antirobe
An oral antibiotic used in a variety of bacterial infections. Clindamycin is the active ingredient.
Side effects can include vomiting, diarrhea, and anorexia.

Atarax
An oral antihistamine most often used for allergies. Hydroxyzine is the active ingredient. The
most common side effect is sedation/grogginess. Less commonly, dogs can become hyperexcitable and
exhibit central nervous system signs or seizures.

Atopica
An oral medication used to manage the signs of inhalation allergies in dogs. Cyclosporine is the
active ingredient. The most common side effects include GI upset, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. This
medication should not be used in animals with immunosuppression or immune system dysfunction.

Baytril
An oral or injectable antibiotic used in a variety of bacterial infections. Enrofloxacin is the
active ingredient. The most common side effects include vomiting, diarrhea, and anorexia. Less common
side effects include cartilage defects in animals less than 8 months of age and vision loss in cats. Rare
side effects include central nervous system signs such as dizziness and seizures. For more information
visit the Baytril website.

Baytril Otic
An ointment for use in ear infections containing bacteria and yeast. Active ingredients include
Enrofloxacin and silver sulfadiazine. Side effects are uncommon and may include ear irritation.

Benadryl
An oral or injectable antihistamine most often used for allergies. Diphenhydramine is the active
ingredient. The most common side effect is sedation/grogginess. Less commonly, dogs can exhibit central
nervous system signs including seizures.

Betagen Spray
A topical spray often used for hot spots and other mild skin irritation. Can also be called Gentocin Spray.
Side effects can include mild irritation on raw/inflammed areas.

BNP ointment
BNP, or bacitracin, neomycin, and polymixin, is a triple antibiotic ointment or drop used for a
variety of minor skin or eye infections. Side effects are rare and may include local irritation.

BNP-HC ointment
BNP-HC or bacitracin, neomycin, polymixin, and hydrocortisone is a triple antibiotic ointment
or drop that includes a steroid (hydrocortisone). It can be used for a variety of minor skin or eye
infections. Side effects are rare and may include local irritation.

Butorphanol
See Torbutrol.

Buprenex
An injectable medication that is used for pain. It can be applied to the gums/oral tissues and used for the
managment of pain as well. The most common side effect is grogginess.

Buprenorphine
See Buprenex.

Carafate
See Sulcralfate.

Cefa Drops
See Cephalexin.

Cefazolin
See Cephalexin.

Cefpodoxime proxetil
See Simplicef

Centrine
An oral or injectable medication for vomiting or diarrhea. Aminopentamide is the active ingredient.
Side effects may include dry eyes, dry mouth, and hesitation to urinate.

Cephalexin
An oral antibiotic used in a variety of bacterial infections. The most common side effects include vomiting,
diarrhea, anorexia, and allergic reactions. Keflex, Cefa Drops, and Cefazolin are all within the same
family as cephalexin.

Cerenia
An oral or injectable medication used for car sickness or acute vomiting. The most common side
effect is soreness at the site of injection.

Chlorpromazine
An oral or injectable medication used for vomiting and diarrhea. The most common side effect is grogginess.
The inectable form may sting when given in the muscle. Less common side effects include decreased blood
pressure, decreased heart rate, decreased respiration rate, and seizures.

Cimetidine
An oral or injectable medication used to decrease stomach acid production. It is commonly used in cases
with known or suspected stomach ulceration. Cimetidinde should be given 2 hours apart from some drugs
including reglan and centrine. Side effects are rare when used at appropriate dosages and may include
pain at injection site and mental confusion.

Clavamox
An antibiotic containing Amoxicillin and Clavulanate used in a variety of bacterial
infections. Side effects are infrequent and can include vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, and allergic
reaction.

Clindamycin
See Antirobe.

Clomicalm
An oral medication for the treatment of separation anxiety. Clomipramine is the active ingredient.
Side effects can include vomiting, lethargy, and diarrhea. For more information visit the Clomicalm section
of the Novartis website.

Convenia
An injectable antibiotic that lasts for two weeks. The most common side effects include nausea, diarrhea,
and soreness at the site of injection.

Cosequin
An oral supplement for use in arthritis. Glucosamine and Chondroitin sulfate are the active
ingredients. Side effects are rare since Cosequin is a replacement (supplement) of chemicals that are natrually
present within the body. Diarrhea is one of the more commonly reported side effects. For more information
visit the Nutramax website.

Cyclosporine
See Atopica.

Denosyl
An oral antioxidant used in a variety of liver conditions. S-Adenosylmethionine is the active ingredient.
Side effects are rare since Denosyl is a replacement (supplement) of chemicals that are natrually present in
the body. Diarrhea is the most commonly reported side effect. For more information visit the Nutramax website.

Depo-Medrol
A long acting inectable steroid with many uses. Methylprednisolone is the active ingredient.
Steroids can be used for inflammatory conditions, immune suppression, pain, etc. Common uses include
treatment of shock, allergies, disk disease, skin conditions, cancers, autoimmune diseases, etc. Side
effects are also varied and can include increased thirst, increased urination, increased appetite,
panting, delayed wound healing, liver damage/disease, gastrointestinal irritation, etc.

Deramaxx
An oral NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory) commonly used for arthritis and other types of pain.
Side effects include vomiting, diarrhea, and anorexia. This medication has a higher rate of side effects
if used in conjunction with other NSAIDS or steroids. For more information visit the Deramaxx website.

Dexamethasone
An oral or inectable steroid with many uses. Steroids can be used for inflammatory conditions, immune
suppression, pain, etc. Common uses include treatment of shock, allergies, disk disease, skin conditions,
cancers, autoimmune diseases, etc. Side effects are also varied and can include increased thirst,
increased urination, increased appetite, panting, delayed wound healing, liver damage/disease,
gastrointestinal irritation, etc.

Diazepam
See Valium.

Diphenhydramine
See Benadryl.

Domitor


Doxycycline
An oral or injectable antibiotic used to treat a variety of bacterial infections. The most common side
effect is vomiting and can often be elimated by giving the medication with a meal.

Drontal Plus


Duragesic
See Fentanyl.

Enacard
An oral medication used in cases of heart failure or kidney failure. Also knows as Enalapril. The most
common side effects include vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, and a decrease in blood pressure.

Enalapril
See Enacard.

Enrofloxacin
See Baytril.

Etodolac
See Etogesic.

Etogesic
An oral NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory) commonly used for arthritis or other pain. The active ingredient
is etodolac. Common side effects include vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite. Less common side
effects include renal, hematologic, neurologic, dermatologic, and hepatic signs. This medication has a higher
risk of side effects if used in conjunction with other NSAIDS or steroids.

Fatty Acid Supplements
An oral supplement used in conjunction with antihistamines in animals with allergies. In addition, fatty
acid supplements can be used for dry coats. Side effects are uncommon and can include diarrhea, especially
if overdosed.

Fenbendazole
See Panacur.

Fentanyl
An injectable or transdermal patch used for pain management. The transdermal patch provides a constant
level of pain medication and can last up to five days. Side effects include respiratory and
cardiovascular depression. A medication called Narcan can reverse the effects of fentanyl if
side effects occur. Currently, the only brand of fentanyl patches available is called Duragesic.

Firocoxib
See Previcox.

Frontline Plus
A topical antiparasite medication. When applied monthly, it will kill fleas, flea eggs, flea larva,
and ticks. Side effects are rare and can include mild skin irritation and drooling if the medication
is licked. Visit the Merial website for more information.

Furosemide
See Lasix.

Genesis Spray
A topical steroid spray containing Triamcinolone. It is most commonly used for allergic dermatitis.
Side effects are uncommon (less than 5% of dogs) and may include increased urination, increased appetite,
discomfort, watery eyes, and sneezing.

Gentocin
An injectable antibiotic used in a variety of bacterial infections. Side effects can include kidney damage,
especially in cases of dehydration, and ototoxicity.

Gentocin Spray
See Betagen Spray.

Heartgard
An oral antiparasite medication. Ivermectin is the active ingredient. When given monthly, it
will kill roundworms, hookworms, and immature heartworms. Side effects are unlikely at label doses
and can include vomiting, diarrhea, and central nervous system signs. Collies may be more sensitive
than other breeds. For more information visit the heartworm section of the Merial website or
visit our section on heartworm preventative.

Hetastarch
An IV fluid commonly used to increase circulatory volume and blood protein levels. Side effects are
minimal if used properly and can include volume overload.

Hydroxyzine
See Atarax.

Interceptor
An oral antiparasite medication. Milbemycine oxime is the active ingredient. When given monthly
it will kill roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, and immature heartworms. Side effects are very rare
and may include seizures. For more information, visit the Interceptor section of the Novartis website or
visit our section on heartworm preventative.

Ivermectin
An injectable antiparasite medication. At varied doses ivermectin may kill roundworms, hookworms, ear
mites, mange, and heartworms. Side effects rarely occur with single doses. Overdosages can result in
uncoordination, staggering, vomiting, seizures, loss of appetite, and death. Collies seem to be more
sensitive to ivermectin than other breeds.

K9 Advantix
***WE DO NOT SELL AND DO NOT RECOMMEND THIS PRODUCT.***
A topical product that contains Advantage (imidacloprid) and KilTix (permethrin). When used
monthly it will kill fleas, flea eggs, ticks, and mosquitoes. IT CANNOT BE USED ON CATS and
SHOULD NOT BE USED ON DOGS THAT ARE NEAR CATS. For more information visit the
Bayer website.

Keflex
See Cephalexin.

Lasix
An oral or injectable medication used as an antidiuretic (removes fluid). Also known as furosemide
or Salix. Lasix has many uses but is most often used to remove fluid in cardiac disease. Side
effects can include electrolyte abnormalities and dehydration.

Levothyroxine
An oral medication used in the treatment of hypothyroid disease in dogs. Side effects do not occur when
used at normal doses in animals with true hypothyroidism. There are many different brands of thyroid
supplement medication.

Marbofloxacin
See Zeniquin.

Meloxicam
See Metacam.

Metacam
An oral non steroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) used to treat arthritis in dogs. The most common
side effects include vomiting, diarrhea, and anorexia. More serious side effects such as bleeding, although
uncommon, can result.

Metoclopramide
See Reglan.

Metronidazole
An oral antibiotic and antiprotozoal medication used to treat a variety of bacterial and parasite infections
including Giardia. Also known as Flagyl. Side effects can include vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia,
head tilt, and disorientation.

Nemex
An oral antiparasite medication commonly used to treat roundworms and hookworms. Also known as Pyrantel.
Side effects are very unlikely when used at appropriate doses.

Optimmune
An ointment used in the treatment of dry eye. The active ingredient is cyclosporine. The most common
side effects include eye irritation and conjunctivitis. For more information, visit the Schering website.

Orbax
An oral antibiotic used in a variety of bacterial infections. Orbifloxacin is the active ingredient.
Common side effects were not reported during clinical trials but may include GI upset. Orbax and other
drugs in the same drug family should not be used in animals under one year of age. For more information, visit
the Schering website.

Otomax
An ointment used to treat bacterial and yeast ear infections. Active ingredients include Gentamicin,
betamethasone,
and clotrimazole. Side effects are rare and can include temporary or permanent
hearing loss and skin irritation. For more information, visit the Schering website. A generic product
commonly used is called Mal-Otic.

Oxyglobin
An IV synthetic blood product for use in situations of blood loss and anemia. Side effects can include
temporary discoloration of the skin and mucus membranes, volume overload, and allergic reaction. For more
information, visit the Biopure website.

Panacur
An oral broad spectrum dewormer. Fenbendazole is the active ingredient. Panacur will kill roundworms,
hookworms, whipworms, and most species of tapeworms. Side effects are very rare at normal
doses and may include vomiting.

Phenobarbital
On oral or injectable medication used to treat seizures. Side effects can include grogginess, increased
thirst, increased urination, increased appetite, and liver enzyme elevation.

Phenylpropanolamine
An oral medication used to treat urinary incontinence. Side effects are uncommon and can include restlessness,
irritability, anorexia, and increased blood pressure.

Potassium Bromide-KBr
An oral medication used to treat seizures. Side effects can include GI upset, grogginess, and less commonly
pancreatitis.

Prednisone
An oral or inectable steroid with many uses. Steroids can
be used for inflammatory conditions, immune suppression, pain, etc. Common uses include treatment of
shock, allergies, disk disease, skin conditions, cancers, autoimmune diseases, etc. Side effects are
also varied and can include increased thirst, increased urination, increased appetite, panting, delayed
wound healing, liver damage/disease, gastrointestinal irritation, etc.

Previcox
An oral NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory) commonly used to treat arthritis and other types of
mild to moderate pain. Firocoxib is the active ingredient. Side effects can include vomiting,
diarrhea, anorexia, and liver problems. This medication has a higher rate of side effects if used in
conjunction with other NSAIDS or steroids.

Program
An oral or injectable product used prevent fleas from laying healthy eggs. In some situations, Program
may be used to aid in the elimination of ringworm infections. The active ingredient is lufenuron.
Side effects can include swelling at injection site, vomiting, and anorexia. For more information visit
the Program sections of the Novartis website.

ProHeart 6
An injectable antiparasite medication. Moxidectin is the active ingredient. When given every six
months, ProHeart will kill immature heartworms and hookworms. Side effects are minimal and can include
a transient swelling at the injection site and GI upset. For more information visit the ProHeart website or
visit our section on heartworm preventative. This medication is currently not available in the U.S.

Pyrantel
See Nemex.

Reglan
An oral or injectable GI motility medication commonly used for conditions associated with vomiting
or diarrhea. Metoclopramide is the active ingredient. Side effects are uncommon but can include
behavioral changes and constipation.

Revolution
An topical antiparasite medication. Selamectin is the active ingredient. When given monthly
it will kill fleas, flea eggs, immature heartworms, ticks, ear mites, and sarcoptic mange in dogs. In
cats it will kill fleas, flea eggs, roundworms, hookworms, and ear mites. Side effects can include:
skin irritation at site of application, central nervous system signs, and GI upset. For more
information visit the Revolution website or visit our section on heartworm preventative.

Rimadyl
An oral NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory) commonly used to treat arthritis and other types of
mild to moderate pain. Carprofen is the active ingredient. Side effects can include vomiting,
diarrhea, anorexia, and liver problems. This medication has a higher rate of side effects if used in
conjunction with other NSAIDS or steroids. For more information visit the Rimadyl website.

Salix
See Lasix.

Sandimmune
An ointment used in the treatment of dry eye. The active ingredient is cyclosporine. The most common
side effects include eye irritation and conjunctivitis.

Sentinel
An oral antiparasite medication. Milbemycin oxime and Leufenuron are the active ingredients.
When given monthly it will kill roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, immature heartworms, and flea eggs.
Side effects are very rare and may include seizures. For more information visit the Sentinel section of the
Novartis website or visit our section on heartworm preventative.

Simplicef
An oral antibiotic most commonly used for skin infections. The most common side effects include vomiting,
diarrhea, and anorexia. This antibiotic is similar to Cephalexin but is given once daily.

Strongid
See Nemex.

Sulcralfate
An oral medication used to help coat and protect GI ulcers. Side effects are rare and may include constipation.


Sulfasalazine
An oral antibiotic most commonly used in cases of inflammatory bowel disease. Side effects are uncommon but
may include dry eye, vomiting, and skin reactions.

Sulfa-Trimethoprim
An oral or injectable antibiotic used in a variety of bacterial infections. Side effects may include dry eye,
vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, and skin reactions.

Tapazol
An oral medication used for the treatment of hyperthyroidism in cats. Side effects occur in 18% of treated
cats and can include vomiting, lack of appetite, lethargy, decreased platelet count, decreased white cell
count, and liver problems. Continued monitoring of blood values is important when using this medication.

Temaril P
An oral combination of antihistamine and steroid commonly used in allergic conditions and coughing. Side
effects include increased thirst, increased urination, increased appetite, and grogginess.

Theophylline
A respiratory smooth muscle relaxor commonly used in respiratory conditions. Side effects are
infrequent and can include vomiting, diarrhea, and central nervous system stimulation. GI disturbance
will usually reside within the first few days of usage. Similar to aminophylline.

Thyroid Supplement
See Levothyroxine.

Torbutrol
An oral or injectable medication used for pain management or coughing. Also called Butorphanol. Side
effects can include grogginess and decreased appetite.

Triamcinolone
See Vetalog and Genesis Spray.

Triple Antibiotic Ointment
See BNP Ointment.

Tresaderm


Valium
An oral or injectable medication used for seizure control and anxiety. The active ingredient is Diazepam.
Side effects include behavioral changes, grogginess, and rarely excitement.

Vet Solutions Ear Cleaner
An ear cleaning solution used for ear infections. Side effects may include mild irritation in animals
that are sensitive to the solution's components.

Vetalog
An oral or inectable steroid with many uses. Triamcinolone is the active ingredient. Steroids can
be used for inflammatory conditions, immune suppression, pain, etc. Common uses include treatment of
shock, allergies, disk disease, skin conditions, cancers, autoimmune diseases, etc. Side effects are
also varied and can include increased thirst, increased urination, increased appetite, panting, delayed
wound healing, liver damage/disease, gastrointestinal irritation, etc.

Vitamin K1
An oral or injectable medication used in the treatment of certain types of rat bait toxicity. Side effects
can include irritation at the site of injection.

Zeniquin
An oral antibiotic used in a variety of bacterial infections. The active ingredient is marbofloxacin.
Side effects are uncommon but may include decreased appetite, vomiting, and decreased activity. Rarer side
effects include thirst, diarrhea, tremors, and behavioral changes. For more information visit the Zeniquin website.



The previous list is not complete and is not inteded to be used as a means of diagnosis/prescription.
Some of these medications are available with or without a prescription at our website (see link below)
As always, if you have questions or concerns regarding the health of your pet, please do not hesitate
to contact a veterinarian.









Karen Blakeley, DVM, MPH
27 September 2009